November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. November was the ninth month of the ancient Roman calendar. November retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January and February were added to the Roman calendar.

November is the eleventh and penultimate month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars, the fourth and last of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the fifth and last of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. November was the ninth month of the ancient Roman calendar. November retained its name (from the Latin novem meaning "nine") when January and February were added to the Roman calendar.

November is a month of late spring in the Southern Hemisphere and late autumn in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, November in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of May in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa. In Ancient Rome, Ludi Plebeii was held from November 4–17, Epulum Jovis was held on November 13, and Brumalia celebrations began on November 24. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

November was referred to as Blōtmōnaþ by the Anglo-Saxons. Brumaire and Frimaire were the months on which November fell in the French Republican Calendar.


November meteor showers include the Andromedids; which occurs from September 25 to December 6 and generally peak around November 9–14, the Leonids; which occur from November 15–20, the Alpha Monocerotids; which occur from November 15–25 with the peak on November 21–22, the Northern Taurids; which occur from October 20 to December 10, and the Southern Taurids which occur from September 10 – November 20, and the Phoenicids; which occur from November 29 to December 9 with the peak occurring on December 5–6. The Orionids, which occur in late October, sometimes last into November.


The Western zodiac signs for the month of November are Scorpio (October 24 – November 22) and Sagittarius (November 23 – December 21).

November symbols

November's birthstones are the topaz (particularly, yellow) which symbolizes friendship and the citrine.

Its birth flower is the chrysanthemum.

November observances

This list does not necessarily imply either official status or general observance.

Non-Gregorian observances: 2018 dates

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Hebrew calendar observances begin at sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

November 3: Shabbat Mevorchim (Hebrew calendar)

November 7: Shia Day of mourning: Demise of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Hassan (Mujtaba) (Islamic calendar)

November 7: Sigd (Hebrew calendar)

November 8: Martyrdom of Imam Reza (Islamic calendar, public holiday in Iran)

November 9: Rosh Chodesh of Kislev (Hebrew calendar)

November 9: 1 Kislev (Hebrew calendar Chabad only)

November 10: Shia day of Remembrance: Hijrat (migration) of Muhammad (Islamic calendar)

November 14: Ben-Gurion Day (Hebrew calendar, public holiday in Israel)

November 14: Shia day of Remembrance: Wafat of Janab-e-Masooma-e-Qum (Islamic calendar)

November 17: 9 Kislev (Hebrew calendar Chabad only)

November 17: Shia day of Remembrance: Martyrdom of Imam Hasan Askari, 260 A.H. (Islamic calendar)

November 18: 10 Kislev (Hebrew calendar Chabad only)

November 18: Eid-e-Shuja' (Islamic calendar, Observed by most Twelver Shi‘a Muslims)

November 18: Shia day of Celebration: Imamat day of Imam-e-Zaman(a.t.f.s.) (Islamic calendar)

November 21: Mawlid (Islamic calendar, Sunni only)

November 22: Poya (Buddhism, public holiday in Sri Lanka)

November 23: Shia day of Remembrance: Yazid (l.a.) was killed (Islamic calendar)

November 24: Shia day of Remembrance: First mosque (Quba Mosque) was established, 1 A.H (Islamic calendar)

November 26: Mawlid (Islamic calendar, Shia only)

November 26: Shia day of Celebration: Birth of Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq, 83 A.H. (Islamic calendar)

November 27: 19 Kislev (Hebrew calendar Chabad only)

November 27: Shia day of Remembrance: Birth of Janab-e-Umm-e-Kulsum Bint-e-Ali (Islamic calendar)

Month-long observances

In Catholic tradition, November is the Month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory.

Academic Writing Month

Annual Family Reunion Planning Month

Lung Cancer Awareness Month


Pulmonary Hypertension Awareness Month

Stomach Cancer Awareness Month

Transgender Awareness Month

Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month (United Kingdom)

National Gratitude Month

United States

Native American Heritage Month

COPD Awareness Month

Epilepsy Awareness Month

Military Family Month

National Adoption Month

National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month

National Blog Posting Month

National Critical Infrastructure Protection Month

National Entrepreneurship Month

National Family Caregivers Month

National Bone Marrow Donor Awareness Month

National Diabetes Month

National Homeless Youth Month

National Hospice Month

National Impaired Driving Prevention Month

National Novel Writing Month

National Pomegranate Month

Prematurity Awareness Month

Movable observances, 2018 dates

European Week for Waste Reduction (Europe)

Mitzvah Day International

Volkstrauertag (Germany)

Buß- und Bettag (Saxony, Germany, Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United denominations)

Feast of Christ the King (Roman Catholic)

Stir-up Sunday (Anglican Church)

Totensonntag (mainly Lutheran)First Thursday: November 1

International Stout Day

Thanksgiving (Liberia)

National Men Make Dinner Day (United States)

National Non-Fiction Day (United Kingdom)First Friday: November 2

Arbor Day (Samoa)Saturday between October 31 – November 6: November 3

All Saints' Day (Finland and Sweden only)First Saturday: November 3

Children's Day (South Africa)

Health Day (Turkmenistan)

National Bison Day (United States)First Sunday: November 4

Daylight saving time ends (United States and Canada)Week of November 8: November 4-10

National Radiologic Technology Week (United States)First Monday: November 5

Recreation Day holiday (Northern Tasmania)Tuesday after the first Monday: November 6

Election Day (United States)Second Thursday: November 8

World Quality DaySecond Saturday: November 10

National Tree Planting Day (Luxembourg)Second Sunday: November 11

Father's Day (Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden)

Grandparents Day (South Sudan)

National Day of the Pupusa (El Salvador)

Remembrance Sunday (United Kingdom, Commonwealth)Week of November 11: November 11-17

Celebrate Freedom Week (Oklahoma, United States)Second Monday: November 12

Barack Obama Day (Perry County, Alabama, United States)

Heir to the Throne's Birthday (Tuvalu)Third week

Geography Awareness WeekWeekdays of the third week

Anti-Bullying Week (United Kingdom)Wednesday of the third week

GIS DayThird Thursday

Great American Smokeout (United States)

World Philosophy Day (United Nations)Third Friday

International Stand Up to Bullying DaySaturday before Fourth Thursday

National Adoption Day (United States)

National Survivors of Suicide Day (United States)Third Friday until the next Monday

El Buen Fin (Mexico)Third Sunday

World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (United Nations observance)Third Monday

Revolution Day (Mexico)Day before fourth Thursday

Blackout Wednesday (United States)Fourth Thursday

Thanksgiving (United States)

National Day of Mourning (United States protest)

Unthanksgiving DayDay after fourth Thursday

Black Friday (United States)

Buy Nothing Day (United States)

Fur Free Friday (International observance)

National Day of Listening (United States)

Native American Heritage Day (United States)

Sinkie Day (United States)Saturday after Thanksgiving

Small Business Saturday (United States)Fourth Sunday

National Grandparents Day (Singapore)Fourth Saturday

Holodomor Remembrance Day (Canada, Ukraine)Last Sunday

Harvest Festival (Turkmenistan)Monday immediately following fourth Thursday

Cyber Monday (can sometimes fall in December)Tuesday immediately following fourth Thursday

Giving Tuesday (United States) (can sometimes fall in December)Last Wednesday

Thanksgiving (Norfolk Island, Australia)Last Week

AIDS Awareness Week (Canada)

Fixed observances

November 1

All Saints' Day (Catholicism)

Day of the Dead, first day: Day of the Innocents (Haiti, Mexico)

Andhra Pradesh Formation Day (Andhra Pradesh, India)

Anniversary of the Revolution (Algeria)

Calan Gaeaf, celebrations start at sunset of October 31. (Wales)

Chavang Kut (Mizo people of Northeast India, Bangladesh, Burma)

Coronation of the fifth Druk Gyalpo (Bhutan)

Haryana Foundation Day (Haryana, India)

Independence Day (Antigua and Barbuda)

International Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Awareness Day

Karnataka Foundation Day (Karnataka, India)

Kerala Foundation Day (Kerala, India)

Liberty Day (United States Virgin Islands)

National Awakening Day (Bulgaria)

Samhain in the Northern Hemisphere and Beltane in the Southern Hemisphere, celebrations start at sunset of October 31 (Neopagan Wheel of the Year)

Self-Defense Forces Commemoration Day (Japan)

World Vegan Day

November 2

All Souls' Day (Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Communion)

Coronation of Haile Selassie (Rastafari)

Day of the Dead, second day (Mexico)

Dziady (Belarus)

Indian Arrival Day (Mauritius)

International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists (United Nations)

Statehood Day (North Dakota and South Dakota, United States)

November 3

Culture Day (Japan)

Independence Day (Dominica)

Independence Day (Micronesia)

Independence Day (Panama)

Independence Day of Cuenca (Ecuador)

Victory Day (Maldives)

November 4

Community Service Day (Dominica)

Flag Day (Panama)

National Tonga Day (Tonga)

National Unity and Armed Forces Day (Italy)

Unity Day (Russia)

Yitzhak Rabin Memorial (Israel, unofficial, but widely commemorated)

November 5

Bank Transfer Day (United States)

Colón Day (Panama)

Guy Fawkes Night (United Kingdom, New Zealand and Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada), and its related observances:

West Country Carnival (English West Country)

Kanakadasa Jayanthi (Karnataka, India)

National Love Your Red Hair Day (Ireland)

November 6

Arbor Day (Republic of Congo)

Constitution Day (Dominican Republic)

Finnish Swedish Heritage Day (Finland)

Green March (Morocco)

Gustavus Adolphus Day (Sweden)

International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict

Malaria Day in the Americas

November 7

Commemoration Day (Tunisia)

Hungarian Opera Day (Hungary)

National Day (Northern Catalonia, France)

October Revolution Day (Russia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan)

Tokhu Emong (Lotha Naga people of India)

November 8

Intersex Day of Remembrance

November 9

Independence Day (Cambodia)

November 10

National Heroes Day (Indonesia)

Commemoration of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkey)

World Keratoconus Day

November 11

Independence Day (Angola, Poland)

Veterans Day (United States)

Remembrance Day (Canada)

November 12

Birthday of Sun Yat-Sen, also Doctors' Day and Cultural Renaissance Day (Republic of China)

Constitution Day (Azerbaijan)

Father's Day (Indonesia)

National Health Day (Indonesia)

National Youth Day (East Timor)

World Pneumonia Day

November 13

Sadie Hawkins Day (United States)

World Kindness Day

November 14

Children's Day (India)

World Diabetes Day

November 15

November 16

November 17

November 18

Day of Army and Victory (Haiti)

Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia (Latvia)

Independence Day (Morocco)

Married To A Scorpio Support Day (Chase's Calendar of Events)

National Apple Cider Day (United States)

National Day (Oman)

National Vichyssoise Day (United States)

Remembrance Day of the Sacrifice of Vukovar in 1991 (Croatia)

Feast day of Saint Constant

November 19

Carbonated Beverage with Caffeine Day (United States)

Day of Discovery of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)

Day of Missile Forces and Artillery (Russia, Belarus)

Flag Day (Brazil)

Garifuna Settlement Day (Belize)

Have a Bad Day Day (Chase's Calendar of Events)

International Men's Day

Monaco National Day (Monaco)

Women's Entrepreneurship Day

World Toilet Day

November 20

Day of National Sovereignty (Argentina)

Día de la Revolución (Mexico)

Transgender Day of Remembrance

November 21

November 22

Independence Day (Lebanon)

November 23

Rudolf Maister day (Slovenia)

November 24

Lachit Divas (Assam, India)

November 25

Blasé Day

Evacuation Day (New York) (United States)

National Parfait Day (United States)

Independence Day (Suriname)

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

National Day (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

St Catherine's Day

Teachers' Day or Hari Guru (Indonesia)

Vajiravudh Day (Thailand)

November 26

Constitution Day (India)

Ace Visibility Day

National Cake Day (United States)

Republic Day (Mongolia)

November 27

Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal (Roman Catholic)

Maaveerar Day (Tamil Eelam)

National Bavarian Cream Pie Day (United States)

Teacher's Day (Spain)

November 28

Independence Day (Albania)

November 29

November 30

Bonifacio Day (Philippines)

St Andrews Day (official national holiday in Scotland)